Effective Smoke Detection Using Spatial-Temporal Energy and Weber Local Descriptors in Three Orthogonal Planes (WLD-TOP)
Video-based fire detection (VFD) technologies have received significant attention from both academic and industrial communities recently. However, existing VFD approaches are still susceptible to false alarms due to changes in illumination, camera noise, variability of shape, motion, colour, irregular patterns of smoke and flames, modelling and training inaccuracies. Hence, this work aimed at developing a VSD system that will have a high detection rate, low false-alarm rate and short response time. Moving blocks in video frames were segmented and analysed in HSI colour space, and wavelet energy analysis of the smoke candidate blocks was performed. In addition, Dynamic texture descriptors were obtained using Weber Local Descriptor in Three Orthogonal Planes (WLD-TOP). These features were combined and used as inputs to Support Vector Classifier with radial based kernel function, while post-processing stage employs temporal image filtering to reduce false alarm. The algorithm was implemented in MATLAB 22.214.171.1244 (R2013a). Accuracy of 99.30%, detection rate of 99.28% and false alarm rate of 0.65% were obtained when tested with some online videos. The output of this work would find applications in early fire detection systems and other applications such as robot vision and automated inspection.
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